Basic Science Scheme of Work for Primary 2

Basic Science Scheme of Work for Primary 1

Education is one of the critical areas that create a future for each person. With age, the requirements of children change in terms of their education, so it is essential to provide them with the necessary knowledge and support.

Basic Science Scheme of Work for Primary 2 is an educational program designed to meet the needs of pupils aged 5-6.

The Basic Science Scheme of Work for Primary 2 is subdivided into three terms, with each term having its individual goals, objectives, activities, and evaluation.

The goal of the program is to develop and improve the cognitive, emotional, social, and physical skills of the pupils. It is subject to experiential learning and encourages children to search and discover.

The objectives of the Basic Science Scheme of Work for Primary 2 describe the curriculum elements in detail.

Pupils will acquaint themselves with the following during the first term; five senses, including seeing, hearing, smelling, touching, and tasting, as well as, road safety and types of soils.

During the second term, pupils will acquaint themselves with the following; floating and sinking of objects in water, the use of colours to identify and beautify objects. In the third term, pupils will cover the following topic; plants and animals in their school compound..

The learning outcomes of the Basic Science Scheme of Work for Primary 2 are presented below.

At the end of the first term, pupils should be able to identify and match objects with the same colors, shapes, and sizes as well as identify and describe the sound of an object, animal, and person.

At the end of the second term, pupils should be able to make objects float or sink in water and use colour to identify and beautify objects.

Finally, at the end of the third term, pupils should be able to group plants and animals according to their characteristics of the plants, state the uses of plants, and describe the behaviours of animals.

The following teachers’ and pupil’s activities will facilitate the program’s effective implementation.

The teachers will issue out coloured pencils and crayons to their pupils in the first term to identify and match colours, while the pupils collect and identify objects of varying shapes and sizes.

During the second term, the teacher shall demonstrate how to identify things that float or sink when put in water, while the pupils conduct activities that will make some things float in water, while others sink.

Teachers will start class discussions to have pupils identify features of plants and group them based on their features in the third term.

Objectives of the Basic Science Scheme of Work for Primary 2

First Term Objectives

Week 1: Observe and name colours, shapes and sizes of common objects

Week 2: Identify various sounds made by objects, animals and persons

Week 3: Detect various odours of fruits, food, shoes, dirty, socks etc

Week 4: Detect the taste of sweet, sour, salty and bitter food items.

Week 5: Identify objects by touching and feeling

Week 6: Describe how correct ways of using the road by each of the users

Week 8-9: Mention different types of soil and Observe and describe the physical properties of soil types

Week 10: Observe and identify things that float in air and make things float in air.

Second Term Objectives

Week 2-4: Identify things that float or sink in water

Week 5-6: Demonstrate how to make objects float or sink in water

Week 8-10: Identify different colours of living and non-living things and Use colours to identify and beautify objects.

Third Term Objectives

Week 2-3: Some common plants in the school compound, Trace the leaves of some of the plants on plasticine or clay, where available and Prepare a press of common plants

Week 4: Observe and identify features of common plants in their school compound and Group plants according to their common features

Week 5-6: Group plants according to their uses and Describe common uses of plants

Week 8: Identify common animals in the school compound and Collect and preserve some animals in the school compound

Week 9: Observe and name the features of common animals in the school compound and Use the observable features to group the animals found in the school compound

Week 10: Observe and describe the behaviour of animals and demonstrate correct way of -Crossing the road -Walking along the road leading by the herdsmen

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Learning Outcomes of Basic Science Scheme of Work for Primary 2

First-Term Learning Outcomes

Week 1: Identify and match objects based on colours shape and size

Week 2: Identify and describe sounds made by different objects, animals and persons

Week 3: Associate odours with specific pleasant and unpleasant smell.

Week 4: State the taste of different substances

Week 5: Distinguish between rough and coarse objects, cold and hot water etc.

Week 6: Name three road users and Describe various ways of using the road.

Week 8-9: Identify and name soil types such as loamy, clay and sandy and Describe the physical properties of soil types

Week 10: Name five things that float in air and Make and fly paper kites

Second Term Learning Outcomes

Week 2-4: Name three things each that float or sink in water.

Week 5-6: Make things float or sink in water

Week 8-10: Colour two types of objects and Use Lego of different colours is construct common objects.

Third Term Learning Outcomes

Week 2-3: Name five common plants in the school, Trace the leaves of some plants and Prepare and display the print press.

Week 4: Group plants according to their common features and Mention the features of the plants in their locality

Week 5-6: State the uses of plants and Group plants according to their uses.

Week 8: Name some common animals in the school compound and Collect and display common animals in the school compound

Week 9: Describe the features of animals and Group animals based on observed features

Week 10: Describe the behaviour of animals and describe the correct ways of Walking along the road and Crossing the road

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First Term Basic Science Scheme of Work for Primary 2

WEEKTOPICCONTENT
1Senses (Seeing)Seeing: with eyes -Colours -Shapes and sizes of objects in classroom, school and home
2.Senses (HearingHearing: with ears. Listening to sounds of objects, animals, person and imitating sounds
3.Senses (Smelling)Smelling: with nose -Detecting various odours
4.Senses (Taste)Taste: with tongue detecting various food items that are sweet, sour salty and bitter.
5.Senses (Touching)fingers -Detecting various objects by touch, feeling its shape, texture, pressure and temperature
6.Senses(Road
Users)
Road users e.g. -Children -Cars -Bicycles -Animals etc.
7.Mid Term Test 
8-9Soil Types(1) Types of soil
-Clay -Sandy -Loamy
(2) Properties of soil types
10Air(1) Floating in the air
(2) Things that float in air (e.g. paper kites, blown balloons etc.)
11.Revision 
12 & 13Examination 

Second Term Basic Science Scheme of Work for Primary 2

WEEKTOPICCONTENT
1REVISION OF
LAST TERM’S WORK
2-4WaterFloating and sinking in water
5-6WaterDemonstration of floating and sinking objects
7.Mid Term Test 
10.Colour(1) Identification of different colours (living and non-living things) (2) Use of colours
11.Revision 
12 & 13Examination 

Third Term Basic Science Scheme of Work for Primary 2

WEEKTOPICCONTENT
1SUMMARY AND REVISION OF LAST TERM’S WORK
2-3PlantsPlants in the school compound
4.PlantsFeatures of plants e.g. -Shape -Size -Colour -Texture
5-6PlantsCommon uses of plants in the locality
-For food -Beautification -Building -Furniture -shade -Medicine etc.
7.Revision and Continuous Assessment 
8.AnimalsAnimals in the school compound. -Flies -Butterflies -Earthworms etc.
9.AnimalsFeatures of the animals found in the school compound
10.Animals Behaviour of animals and road safety
11.Revision 
12.Examination 

Teacher’s and Pupils Activities

First Term Teacher’s and Pupil’s Activities

Week 1: The teacher should Provide and help pupils to identify:
-different colours -different sizes and Aids pupils to use coloured pencils and identifying colours

The pupils should Work with coloured pencils and crayons and Collect and identify objects of different shapes and sizes

Week 2: The teacher should Make pupils listen to and identify various sounds. The pupils should Identify various sounds and Produce different sounds from their mouth and throat

Week 3: The teacher should Guide pupils to recognize something (e.g. fruits, food etc.) with characteristic smell. The pupils should Describe the pleasant and unpleasant smell

Week 4: The teacher should Assist the pupils in detecting distinctive taste of sweet, sour, salty and bitter tastes and Provide sweet, sour, salty and bitter items to pupils. The pupils should Taste sweet, sour, salty and bitter items

Week 5: The teacher should Provide items of different textures, Shapes, Temperature and Pressure. The pupils should Feel or touch their Cheeks and heads, -tissue paper, -Touch different types of paper/cardboard and Touch cold and warm objects or water

Week 6: The teacher should Assist pupils in identifying road users and how to use the roads correctly by each user. The pupils should Identify road users and describe correct ways of using the roads.

Week 8-9: The teacher should identify suitable sites in the school compound from where different soil types can be collected, Take pupils to the identified to collect soil samples, Guide pupils to name the different soil types and Guide pupils to observe and describe the colour, texture and particles size of the soil samples.

The pupils should Collect soil samples in the school or home environment, Observe and describe the colour texture and particle sizes of the samples, Place some soil samples in a container, add water stir, Mould with wet sand and clay and Compare clay and sandy soil

Week 10: The teacher should Guide the pupils to name things that float in air and Guide pupils to make paper kites, Score the kites that pupils make

The pupils should Throw things into the air and identify those that float, and those that do not and Make and fly paper kites

Second Term Teacher’s and Pupil’s Activities

Week 2-4: The teacher should Guide pupils to identify objects that -Float in water and sink in water. The pupils should Name things that float in water and Mention things that sink in water

Week 5-6: The teacher should Demonstrate to pupils some ways of making objects: -float in water e.g. stone placed on the inflated balloon, human being swimming with the aid of a life jacket or calabash -Sinking in water (e.g. tying a stone to a feather, cork etc. and Initiates and guides class discussion on other ways of making things float or sink in water

The pupils should Make things float in water and things to sink in water

Week 8-10: The teacher should Guide pupils to identify objects through colours (living and non-living things) and Guide pupils to discuss the uses of colours. The pupils should Colour objects

Third Term Teacher’s and Pupil’s Activities

Week 2-3: The teacher should Identify a suitable place in the surroundings for pupils to visit, Guide pupils to observe and collect common plants, Guide pupils to prepare a plant for preservation

The pupils should Participate in site visits, Observe and collect some common plants and Print some plant parts e.g. leaves

Week 4: The teacher should Initiate class discussions which would enable pupils to: -Identify features of the plants -Group the plants based on their features.

The pupils should Prepare a print press or common plants, Identify features of plants and Group plants according to their features

Week 5-6: The teacher should Guide pupils to state the uses of plants and Group plants according to their uses. The pupils should Group plants according to their uses.

Week 8: The teacher should Use pictures and charts to guide pupils to identify common animals in the school compound and Demonstrate the correct method of collecting animals for preservation.

The pupils should animals in their school compound and Collect harmless animals in the school compound

Week 9: The teacher should Identify the features of the animals -Group animals using observable features. The pupils should Observe the group, describe features of preserved animals and Make drawings of some animals

Week 10: The teacher should class discussion on the behaviour of animals e.g. -Movement -Feeding etc and Demonstrate crossing and walking along the road

The pupils should Participate in class, discussion on animals, Mimic the sound of some animals and Participate in class discussion

Conclusion

The Basic Science Scheme of Work for Primary 2 is an essential education program that equips pupils with the knowledge and skills necessary for success in life.

The program is crafted to be engaging, interactive, and enjoyable to enable pupils to make their discoveries about the world.

Teachers must execute the program and help pupils achieve the desired learning objectives. Through the Basic Science Scheme of Work for Primary 2, pupils shall be adequately prepared to advance to the next phase of their education.

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