2024 JAMB Syllabus For Principles Of Accounting & Free Key Points

JAMB Syllabus For Principles Of Accounting & Free Key Points

The JAMB syllabus for Principles of Accounting is a comprehensive guide designed to outline the topics and concepts that candidates are expected to cover in preparation for the examination.

This syllabus serves as a roadmap for students, providing a clear framework for understanding the fundamental principles of accounting.

Mastering the key topics outlined in the JAMB Syllabus for Principles of Accounting is crucial for students aiming to excel in their examinations.

Principles of Accounting is one of the subjects that candidates can choose to write in the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) examination. 

The JAMB syllabus for Principles of Accounting is designed to test the candidates’ achievement of the course objectives, which are to:

  • Stimulate and sustain their interest in Principles of Accounting
  • Use the basic knowledge of and practical skills in Accounting
  • Apply the knowledge and interpretation of accounting information to decision making
  • Determine the relevance of accounting information to business and governments
  • Use information and communication technology for present and future challenges
  • Use current accounting principles in financial reporting

The JAMB syllabus for Principles of Accounting covers four main areas, each with different topics and objectives. The areas are:

  • Basic Accounting Concepts and Principles
  • Financial Statements and Analysis
  • Cost Accounting and Budgeting
  • Auditing and Assurance

Basic Accounting Concepts and Principles covers the nature and significance of accounting, the principles, concepts and conventions of accounting, the role of accounting records and information, the principles of double entry, the ethics and qualities of an accountant, and the cash book and bank transactions.

Financial Statements and Analysis covers the preparation and presentation of financial statements, the interpretation and analysis of financial statements, the adjustments for financial statements, the control accounts and self-balancing ledgers, the single entry and incomplete records, the manufacturing accounts, the departmental accounts, and the branch accounts.

Cost Accounting and Budgeting covers the nature and classification of costs, the costing techniques, the marginal costing and cost-volume-profit analysis, the budgeting and budgetary control, and the standard costing and variance analysis.

Auditing and Assurance covers the nature and objectives of auditing, the audit process, the audit evidence and sampling, the audit report, and the internal control and internal audit

Overview of the JAMB Syllabus for Principles of Accounting

The JAMB Syllabus for Principles of Accounting serves as a foundational guide outlining the essential topics and concepts that candidates need to cover while preparing for their examinations.

It acts as a roadmap, providing a clear direction for students, educators, and examiners about the scope of the syllabus and the depth of knowledge expected from candidates.

How Principles of Accounting JAMB Syllabus is Structured

The syllabus is typically structured systematically, organizing topics in a logical sequence to facilitate progressive learning. It often begins with fundamental concepts such as accounting principles, the accounting cycle, and financial statements.

It then progresses to more advanced topics like cost accounting, management accounting, and financial analysis. The syllabus may also include practical exercises or case studies to reinforce theoretical knowledge.

Key Features of the Principles of Accounting

The JAMB syllabus for Principles of Accounting is a guide that outlines the topics, objectives, and recommended texts for the subject. The syllabus is designed to test the candidates’ achievement of the course objectives, which are to:

1. Accounting Principles and Concepts: Covering fundamental principles like the accrual basis of accounting, consistency, materiality, and prudence that form the basis of financial recording and reporting.

2. Financial Statements: Understanding the preparation and interpretation of financial statements, including the income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement.

3. Cost Accounting: Exploring methods for determining product costs, cost behaviour analysis, and cost-volume-profit analysis, which aid in decision-making within organizations.

4. Management Accounting: Delving into topics like budgeting, variance analysis, and performance evaluation, is crucial for internal decision-making and control.

5. Financial Analysis: Learning how to analyze financial statements, interpret ratios, and assess the financial health and performance of an organization.

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Key Points & Topics in the JAMB Syllabus for Principle of Accounting

JAMB Syllabus For Principles Of Accounting & Free Key Points
JAMB Syllabus For Principles Of Accounting & Free Key Points
JAMB Syllabus For Principles Of Accounting & Free Key Points
JAMB Syllabus For Principles Of Accounting & Free Key Points
JAMB Syllabus For Principles Of Accounting & Free Key Points

1. Nature and Significance of Accounting: Covers accounting development, objectives, principles, and the role of accounting records.

2. Principles of Double Entry: Focuses on source documents, accounting equation, ledger, trial balance, error types, and suspense accounts.

3. Cash Book: Includes petty cash, imprest system, columnar cash books, and discount treatment.

4. Bank Transactions and Reconciliation Statements: Discusses bank transaction instruments, e-Banking, discrepancies, and reconciliation.

5. The Final Accounts of a Sole Trader: Involves trading and profit and loss accounts, balance sheets, and various adjustments.

6. Stock Valuation: Explores cost determination methods (FIFO, LIFO, average) and their pros/cons, emphasizing accurate stock valuation.

7. Control Accounts and Self-balancing Ledgers: Focuses on the uses of control accounts, purchases and sales ledger control accounts.

8. Incomplete Records and Single Entry: Covers conversion to double entry, determination of missing figures, and preparation of final accounts.

9. Manufacturing Accounts: Discusses cost classification, cost apportionment, and the preparation of manufacturing accounts.

10. Accounts of Not-For-Profit-Making Organizations: a. Objectives: Understand goals and purposes of organizations operating without profit motives.

b. Receipts and payments account: Record cash transactions for an overview of cash flows.

c. Income and expenditure account: Detail income and expenses to ascertain surplus or deficit.

d. Balance sheet: Present financial position, showcasing assets, liabilities, and capital.

11. Departmental Accounts: a. Objectives: Understand the purpose of maintaining departmental accounts. b. Apportionment of expenses: Allocate common expenses among departments to determine respective costs.

c. Departmental trading and profit and loss account: Create accounts showcasing trading and profit or loss of individual departments.

12. Branch Accounts: a. Objectives: Identify goals of maintaining branch accounts in businesses with multiple locations.

b. Branch accounts in head office books: Record transactions related to branches in the main office’s accounting system.

c. Head office account: Establish an account consolidating financial information from various branches.

d. Reconciliation of branch and head office books: Ensure consistency and accuracy between branch and head office records.

13. Partnership Accounts: a. Formation of partnership: Explore processes and documentation involved in creating a partnership.

b. Profit and loss account: Prepare an account summarizing the profit or loss of a partnership.

c. Appropriation account: Detail how profits are appropriated among partners. d. Partners’ current and capital accounts: Maintain accounts for partners to track contributions, withdrawals, and capital.

e. Treatment of goodwill: Understand how goodwill is accounted for in partnership accounts. f. Admission/retirement of a partner: Manage changes in partnership composition.

g. Dissolution of partnership: Address the winding up of a partnership. h. Conversion of a partnership to a company: Transform the legal structure of a business.

14. Introduction to Company Accounts: a. Formation and classification of companies: Understand processes involved in forming and categorizing companies. b. Issue of shares and debentures: Manage issuance of shares and debentures to raise capital.

c. Forms of final accounts of companies: Prepare financial statements, including profit and loss account and balance sheet. d. Interpretation of accounts using ratios: Analyze financial performance using various accounting ratios.

e. Distinction between capital and revenue reserves: Understand differences between reserves for capital and revenue.

15. Public Sector Accounting: a. Comparison of cash and accrual basis of accounting: Understand differences between cash and accrual accounting methods. b. Sources of government revenue: Explore channels through which governments generate income.

c. Capital and recurrent expenditure: Distinguish between capital and recurrent expenditures for budgeting and financial planning. d. Consolidated revenue fund: Understand the concept of the consolidated revenue fund.

e. Statement of assets and liabilities: Prepare and interpret financial statements detailing assets and liabilities.

f. Responsibilities and powers of: i. The Accountant General: Explore roles and authority in managing government finances. ii. The Auditor General: Understand responsibilities and powers in ensuring accountability and transparency. iii. The Minister of Finance: Examine duties and authority in overseeing financial matters. iv. The Treasurer of local government: Understand roles and powers in managing local government finances.

g. Instruments of financial regulation: Explore tools and regulations governing and controlling financial activities in the public sector.

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How to Study the Key Topics in the JAMB Syllabus for Principle of Accounting

Effective Study Techniques

1. Active Learning: Engage actively with the material by summarizing key concepts in your own words. Use flashcards, mind maps, or diagrams for visualization.

2. Practice Problem-Solving: Regularly solve practice questions to reinforce your understanding. Work on exercises covering different scenarios and applications of concepts.

3. Teach the Material: Teach concepts to others or explain them as if you were teaching, reinforcing your understanding. Join study groups for peer discussions.

4. Utilize Multimedia Resources: Watch educational videos or tutorials to complement textbook readings. Use online platforms with interactive content for an enhanced learning experience.

5. Regular Review Sessions: Schedule regular review sessions to revisit previously studied topics. Focus on weak areas during reviews to ensure comprehensive understanding.

Recommended Study Resources

1. Textbooks: Refer to recommended textbooks listed in the JAMB syllabus for alignment with the exam content. Choose textbooks with clear explanations.

2. Online Platforms: Explore reputable online platforms offering accounting tutorials and resources. Look for interactive quizzes and practice exams for testing knowledge.

3. Past Questions and Mock Exams: Access past JAMB Principle of Accounting questions to familiarize yourself with the exam format. Take mock exams under timed conditions for simulation.

4. Supplementary Reading Materials: Explore additional reading materials, academic journals, or case studies to deepen your understanding of real-world applications.

5. Tutoring or Coaching Services: Consider seeking the assistance of a tutor or joining coaching classes if certain topics are challenging. Private tutoring can provide personalized guidance.

How to Achieve Academic Success in JAMB Principle of Accounting

To achieve academic success in JAMB Principles of Accounting, students should focus on understanding the underlying concepts, practice past questions, and manage their time effectively.

They should also use recommended textbooks, lecture notes, and other educational resources to gain a holistic understanding of the subject matter.

Additionally, students should familiarize themselves with the JAMB syllabus, which outlines the key topics and subtopics that JAMB expects students to cover.

This syllabus serves as a roadmap for students, providing a clear framework for understanding the fundamental principles of accounting.

By following these strategies, students can enhance their chances of success in the JAMB examinations

1. High Exam Performance: Mastery of key topics ensures a strong foundation, leading to better performance in JAMB exams. Understanding fundamental principles helps in tackling a variety of questions with confidence.

2. Efficient Time Management: Proficiency in key topics allows for effective time allocation during the exam. Quick problem-solving skills reduce the risk of spending excessive time on challenging questions.

3. Confidence in Application: A deep understanding of key topics instills confidence in applying accounting principles to real-world scenarios. Ability to approach complex problems with clarity enhances overall exam performance.

4. Comprehensive Understanding: Mastering key topics provides a comprehensive grasp of accounting concepts, ensuring a holistic approach to exam preparation. Students can navigate through the exam with a thorough understanding of both theory and practical applications.

1. Adeifa O. Ajileye, J. O and Oluwasanna, R. O (2001). Get your Financial Accounting Right. Book One: Oyo, Tenlad Press International.

This book provides a foundational understanding of financial accounting, suitable for beginners.

2. Ajileye, J. O. and Adetifa O. (2001). Get your Financial Accounting Right, Book Two: Lagos: De Hadey Printing Services

The second book in the series builds on the concepts introduced in the first, offering more advanced topics in financial accounting.

3. Akinduko, A. O (2001). Basic Accounting: Akure: Spetins

“Basic Accounting” is a comprehensive guide covering fundamental principles for those starting their accounting journey.

4. Anao, A. R (1993). An Introduction to Financial Accounting, Lagos: Longman

An essential introduction to financial accounting, suitable for students looking for a well-rounded understanding of the subject.

5. Awoyemi, E. O. (1989). A guide to Government Accounting and Internal Audit, Ibadan: Onibonje Press

Focusing on government accounting, this book is valuable for those interested in public sector accounting and internal audit.

6. Dodge, R. (2002). Foundation of Business Accounting, (Second Edition), Berkshire: Chapman and Hall

“Foundation of Business Accounting” offers a solid foundation for understanding accounting principles in a business context.

7. Ekwere, A. B. (1997). Contemporary Accounting, Abuja: Aflon

“Contemporary Accounting” explores modern accounting practices, making it relevant for those studying recent developments in the field.

8. Finance (Control and Management) Act 1959

A legal text providing insight into financial control and management, essential for understanding the legal aspects of finance.

9. Frank, W. and Omuya, J. O. (1988). Book keeping and Accounting for Senior Secondary Schools, Vols. 1 & 2 London: Pitman

Tailored for senior secondary students, this series covers bookkeeping and accounting comprehensively.

10. Hassan M. M. (2001). Government Accounting, Lagos: Malthouse Press Limited
Specializing in government accounting, this book is useful for those interested in public finance and governmental accounting.

11. Igben, R. O. (2004). Financial Accounting Made Simple (Vol. I) Lagos: Roi Publishers
Financial Accounting Made Simple” simplifies complex concepts, making it accessible for beginners.

12. Longe, O. A. and Kazeem, R. A (2006). Essential Financial Accounting for Senior Secondary Schools: Lagos: Tonad Publishers Limited
Geared towards senior secondary students, this book covers essential financial accounting topics.

13. Millichamp, A. H. (1989). Foundation Accounting: An Introduction manual for Accounting Students, London: DP Publications
Foundation Accounting” serves as an introduction for accounting students, offering a solid grounding in the subject.

14. Okwoli, A. A. (1995). Financial Accounting, Zaria: Tamaza Publishers
Financial Accounting” provides a comprehensive overview of financial accounting concepts.

15. Oshisami, K. (1997). Government Accounting and Financial Control: Ibadan: Spectrum
Focused on government accounting and financial control, this book delves into the intricacies of public sector finance.


Mastering the key topics in financial accounting is not just a requirement for academic success but a gateway to acquiring invaluable skills and knowledge.

The recommended textbooks provide a solid foundation for understanding these subjects, offering comprehensive coverage of essential principles whether you are preparing for JAMB exams in Principles of Accounting.

Achieving academic success in the JAMB Principles of Accounting syllabus involves adopting effective study techniques, utilizing recommended resources, and managing time efficiently.

The benefits of mastering these key topics extend beyond exam performance, contributing to holistic personal and intellectual growth.

Furthermore, mastering these key topics enhances critical thinking and analytical skills. These skills are not only crucial for academic success but also for making informed decisions in various life situations.

The recommended textbooks cover a range of topics, from foundational principles to advanced concepts, providing a well-rounded education in financial accounting.

In essence, the journey of mastering these subjects is a transformative experience, equipping individuals with the tools needed for success in academic pursuits and beyond.

As you embark on your education, remember that the benefits extend far beyond the classroom, shaping a well-rounded and informed individual ready to face the challenges of the future.

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