2024 JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry & Free Key Points

JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry

The JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry covers a wide range of topics to prepare candidates for the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME). Key topics include:

  • 1. Separation of Mixtures and Purification of Chemical Substances: This section covers the separation of mixtures, purification of chemical substances, and the properties of pure substances.
  • 2. Chemical Combination: This area focuses on chemical combination, stoichiometry, and the laws of combining volumes, multiple proportions, and conservation of matter.
  • 3. Kinetic Theory of Matter and Gas Laws: This section covers the kinetic theory of matter, gas laws, and the ideal gas law.
  • 4. Atomic Structure and Bonding: This area covers atomic structure, electron configuration, atomic number, mass number, isotopes, and the shapes of s and p orbitals.
  • 5. Air: This section covers the natural gaseous constituents of air, their proportion, and some uses of the noble gases.
  • 6. Water: This section covers the properties of water, its chemical composition, and its role in chemical reactions.
  • 7. Solubility: This section covers solubility, solubility rules, and the solubility of gases in liquids.
  • 8. Environmental Pollution: This section covers the causes and effects of environmental pollution, and the role of chemistry in addressing pollution.
  • 9. Acids, Bases, and Salts: This section covers the properties of acids, bases, and salts, and their role in chemical reactions.
  • 10. Oxidation and Reduction – Redox: This section covers oxidation and reduction reactions, and the role of redox reactions in chemical reactions.
  • 11. Electrolysis: This section covers electrolysis, its applications, and the role of electrolysis in chemical reactions.
  • 12. Energy Changes: This section covers energy changes in chemical reactions, and the role of energy changes in chemical reactions.
  • 13. Rates of Chemical Reaction: This section covers the rates of chemical reactions, and the factors that affect the rates of chemical reactions.
  • 14. Chemical Equilibria: This section covers chemical equilibria, and the factors that affect chemical equilibria.
  • 15. Non-metals and Their Compounds: This section covers the properties of non-metals, their compounds, and their role in chemical reactions.
  • 16. Metals and their compounds: This section covers the properties of metals, their compounds, and their role in chemical reactions.
  • 17. Organic Compounds: This section covers the properties of organic compounds, their role in chemical reactions, and the role of organic chemistry in chemical reactions.
  • 18. Chemistry and Industry: This section covers the role of chemistry in industry, and the role of chemistry in addressing industrial problems

Chemistry is a basic science subject, and to do well in the exam, it’s important to understand and study the syllabus well.

Understanding the important topics in the Chemistry JAMB Syllabus is crucial. It not only shows you what the exam will cover but also makes sure you’re well-prepared to answer questions in different parts of the subject.

Knowing these key topics helps improve problem-solving, critical thinking, and using what you’ve learned in real-life situations. It sets a strong foundation for understanding the subject well and helps you succeed in your studies.

This article aims to break down and explain the details of the Chemistry JAMB Syllabus, offering useful insights for students getting ready for the exam. We want to explore how the syllabus is organized, its important aspects, and why it’s essential to follow it.

Our goal is to give students the information and tools they need to do well in the Chemistry part of the UTME. This article is a complete guide, helping candidates prepare in a well-rounded way for the best possible results.

Overview of the JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry

The Chemistry JAMB Syllabus covers a lot of ground, including the main parts of the subject: Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and Inorganic Chemistry. It breaks down the details of what you need to know, including specific topics, subtopics, and the things you should learn.

Think of the syllabus like a map, it helps candidates navigate through the different areas of Chemistry and makes sure they understand the important concepts needed for the exam.

How the Chemistry JAMB Syllabus is structured

The Chemistry JAMB Syllabus is set up in a logical and step-by-step way. It starts with the basics and then moves on to more advanced and specialized ideas. The syllabus is divided into units, each concentrating on a particular theme or aspect of Chemistry.

This organized structure makes it easier for candidates to learn systematically and thoroughly. It lets them establish a strong base before moving on to more complicated concepts.

Key features of the Chemistry Syllabus

1. Thematic Coverage: The syllabus covers a diverse range of themes, including chemical kinetics, thermodynamics, organic reaction mechanisms, and more.

2. Integration of Practical Skills: It incorporates practical skills and laboratory activities, emphasizing the application of theoretical knowledge in real-world scenarios.

3. Emphasis on Core Principles: The syllabus places a strong emphasis on understanding core principles, ensuring that candidates have a holistic grasp of the subject matter.

4. Cross-disciplinary Connections: It highlights the interconnectedness of different branches of Chemistry, fostering a holistic understanding of the subject.

Importance of Adhering to Chemistry JAMB Syllabus

1. Comprehensive Coverage: Ensure that you study and understand all the topics outlined in the Chemistry JAMB Syllabus. This helps you cover the entire range of material that could appear in the exam.

2. Structured Time Management: Follow the syllabus in a systematic way to manage your study time effectively. Allocate more time to topics that carry more weight in the exam, based on the syllabus.

3. Sequential Learning: The syllabus is often organized in a logical sequence, starting with foundational concepts and progressing to more advanced ones. Follow this sequence for a step-by-step and thorough understanding of the subject.

4. No Surprises: Adhering to the syllabus ensures that you won’t encounter unexpected topics in the exam. You’ll be well-prepared for the content specified in the syllabus.

5. Confidence Building: Following the syllabus gives you confidence because you know you’ve covered all the material required. This confidence is crucial when facing the challenges presented by the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME).

Read More: 2024 JAMB Syllabus for Biology & Free Key Points

Key Points & Topics in the JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry

 JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry

1. Separation of Mixtures and Purification of Chemical Substances

a) Pure and Impure Substances: Understanding the distinction between pure and impure substances is fundamental in chemistry. A pure substance consists of only one type of element or compound, while impure substances contain mixtures of different elements or compounds.

This knowledge is vital for identifying and working with various materials in chemical processes.

b) Boiling and Melting Points: Boiling and melting points are crucial properties that help characterize substances. These points are indicative of the temperature at which a substance transitions between different phases.

Mastery of this topic is essential for predicting and explaining changes in physical states during chemical reactions.

c) Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures: A foundational concept, this topic delves into the basic building blocks of matter. Elements are substances composed of only one type of atom, compounds consist of two or more elements chemically bonded, and mixtures are combinations of substances without chemical bonding.

d) Chemical and Physical Changes: Chemical and physical changes are distinctive alterations substances undergo. Chemical changes involve the formation of new substances with different properties, while physical changes alter the state or appearance of a substance without changing its composition.

Recognizing and differentiating between these changes is vital in predicting the outcomes of reactions.

e) Separation Processes: This subtopic explores various techniques for separating mixtures, including evaporation, simple and fractional distillation, sublimation, filtration, crystallization, and chromatography.

Each method serves a specific purpose in isolating components, and a thorough understanding is essential for practical applications in laboratories.

2. Chemical Combination

a) Stoichiometry and Laws of Definite and Multiple Proportions: Stoichiometry involves the quantitative relationships between reactants and products in chemical reactions. The laws of definite and multiple proportions dictate the fixed ratios in which elements combine to form compounds. This foundational knowledge is crucial for predicting the outcome of chemical reactions and understanding the composition of substances.

b) Law of Conservation of Matter, Gay Lussac’s Law, and Avogadro’s Law: The law of conservation of matter states that mass is neither created nor destroyed in a chemical reaction. Gay Lussac’s law focuses on the relationship between the volumes of gases in a chemical reaction, while Avogadro’s law relates the volume of gases to the number of moles. These laws provide essential insights into the behaviour of matter during reactions.

c) Chemical Symbols, Formulae, and Equations: Chemical symbols represent elements, formulae depict the composition of compounds, and equations express chemical reactions. Mastery of these notations is fundamental for communication in chemistry. Understanding their uses facilitates the interpretation and representation of chemical processes.

d) Relative Atomic Mass, the Mole Concept, and Avogadro’s Number: These concepts are interconnected and central to understanding the quantitative aspects of chemistry. Relative atomic mass is a measure of the average mass of atoms in a sample. The mole concept relates the number of substances, and Avogadro’s number links the number of particles to moles. Proficiency in these topics is crucial for quantitative analysis in chemistry.

3. Kinetic Theory of Matter and Gas Laws

a) Kinetic Theory of Matter: The kinetic theory explains the behavior of matter in terms of the motion of particles. This includes processes like melting, vaporization, and reverse processes, all elucidated through molecular motion and Brownian movement. Understanding this theory provides insights into the physical properties of substances.

b) Gas Laws: This section covers fundamental gas laws, including Boyle’s law, Charles’s law, Graham’s law, and Dalton’s law of partial pressure. Additionally, the combined gas law, molar volume, and atomicity of gases are explored. Mastery of these laws is essential for predicting the behavior of gases under different conditions.

 JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry

4. Atomic Structure and Bonding

a) The Concept of Atoms, Molecules, and Ions:
(i) Contributions of Scientists: Understanding atomic structure involves recognizing the contributions of key scientists. From Dalton’s atomic theory to Bohr’s model, each scientist played a pivotal role. The works of Millikan, Rutherford, Moseley, Thompson, and Bohr shaped our understanding of the atom. The hydrogen spectrum and ionization of gases illustrate the electron as a fundamental particle.

(ii) Atomic Structure: Explore electron configuration, atomic number, mass number, and isotopes. Real-world examples within atomic numbers 1 to 20 help visualize these concepts. Shapes of s and p orbitals provide insight into the spatial arrangement of electrons around the nucleus.

b) The Periodic Table and Periodicity of Elements: The periodic table organizes elements based on their properties. Recognizing element families such as alkali metals, halogens, noble gases, and transition metals is crucial. Properties like ionization energy, ionic radii, electron affinity, and electronegativity vary systematically across periods and groups.

c) Chemical Bonding: Understanding chemical bonding involves electrovalency, covalency, and achieving the noble gas structure. Special types, including hydrogen bonding and metallic bonding, add complexity.

Coordinate bonds, exemplified by complexes like [Fe(CN)6]3-, [Fe(CN)6]4-, [Cu(NH3)4]2+, and [Ag(NH3)2]+, offer insight. Van der Waals’ forces, a special type of bonding force, complete this exploration.

d) Shapes of Simple Molecules: Understanding molecular geometry is vital. Linear (H2, O2, Cl2, HCl, and CO2), non-linear (H2O), and tetrahedral (CH4) shapes provide a visual understanding of molecular structures.

e) Nuclear Chemistry:
(i) Radioactivity: Providing an elementary treatment of radioactivity, this section introduces the concept and its significance.

(ii) Nuclear Reactions: Exploring simple equations, the uses, and applications of natural and artificial radioactivity deepens our understanding of nuclear chemistry.

 JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry

5. Air: Studying the composition of air, we examine its usual gaseous constituents: nitrogen, oxygen, water vapour, carbon dioxide, and noble gases (argon and neon).

Demonstrating the proportion of oxygen in the air by burning phosphorus or using alkaline pyrogallol highlights its importance. Air, viewed as a mixture, has various applications of noble gases.

6. Water: Examining water’s composition by volume, we explore its role as a solvent and the atmospheric gases dissolved in it, considering their biological significance. Water, a product of hydrogen combustion, undergoes classification into hard and soft water.

Methods of softening hard water, purification of town water supplies, water crystallization, efflorescence, deliquescence, and hygroscopy provide insights into specific properties and their applications.

7. Solubility:
a) Unsaturated, Saturated, and Supersaturated Solutions: Understanding solubility involves recognizing different solution states. Unsaturated solutions can dissolve more solute, saturated solutions reach their maximum capacity, and supersaturated solutions contain more dissolved solute than normally possible.

Solubility curves aid in visualizing these states and making deductions. Solubility, defined in terms of moles per dm3, forms the basis for simple calculations.

b) Solvents for Fats, Oils, and Paints: Exploring solvents for fats, oils, and paints, we delve into the removal of stains using such solvents. This practical aspect highlights the importance of solvents in various applications.

c) Suspensions and Colloids: Distinguishing between suspensions and colloids, we explore examples like Harmattan haze and paints for suspensions, and fog, milk, aerosol spray, and rubber solution for colloids. These everyday examples illustrate the diverse nature of dispersed systems.

Read More: Best Easy way to Upload O Level Results on JAMB Portal in 5 Minutes or Less In 2024

 JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry

8. Environmental Pollution:
a) Sources and Effects of Pollutants: Examining the sources and effects of pollutants, this section provides insight into the impact of human activities on the environment.

b) Air Pollution: Exploring air pollutants such as H2S, CO, SO2, oxides of nitrogen, fluorocarbons, and dust, we highlight their adverse effects on air quality.

c) Water Pollution: Focusing on sewage and oil pollution, this segment highlights the repercussions of contaminants in water bodies.

d) Soil Pollution: Investigating soil pollution, we examine oil spillage and differentiate between biodegradable and non-biodegradable pollutants. Understanding these pollutants is crucial for environmental conservation.

9. Acids, Bases, and Salts:
a) General Characteristics and Properties: Examining the general characteristics and properties of acids, bases, and salts, we delve into acid/base indicators, basicity of acids, and the classification of salts as normal, acidic, basic, and double. Examples of naturally occurring organic acids like ethanoic, citric, and tartaric acids, along with alums as double salts, provide a comprehensive view. The preparation of salts through neutralization, precipitation, and the action of acids on metals is explored.

b) Qualitative Comparison of Conductances: Comparing the conductances of molar solutions of strong and weak acids and bases, this section elucidates the relationship between conductance, the amount of ions present, and their relative mobilities.

c) pH and pOH Scale: Defining pH as -log[H3O+], we explore the pH and pOH scale as measures of acidity and basicity in solutions.

d) Acid/Base Titrations: Understanding acid/base titrations involves the controlled addition of a solution to determine the concentration of another.

e) Hydrolysis of Salts: Exploring the hydrolysis of salts, we look at simple examples such as NH4Cl, AlCl3, Na2CO3, and CH3COONa. This illustrates how salts can undergo reactions with water to produce acidic or basic solutions.

 JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry

10. Oxidation and Reduction:
a) Oxidation in Terms of Oxygen Addition or Hydrogen Removal: Oxidation involves the addition of oxygen or the removal of hydrogen from a substance. Recognizing this definition is crucial in identifying oxidation processes.

b) Reduction as Oxygen Removal or Hydrogen Addition: In contrast, reduction entails the removal of oxygen or the addition of hydrogen to a substance. These complementary reactions play a central role in redox processes.

c) Oxidation and Reduction in Terms of Electron Transfer: Understanding redox reactions from an electron transfer perspective is essential. Recognizing electron movement between reactants provides a deeper insight into the dynamics of oxidation and reduction.

d) Use of Oxidation Numbers: Oxidation and reduction are often approached through changes in oxidation numbers. The IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic compounds involves the systematic naming of chemical compounds based on established rules.

e) Tests for Oxidizing and Reducing Agents: Identifying oxidizing and reducing agents is crucial in understanding reaction mechanisms. Various tests help determine the role of substances in redox reactions.

11. Electrolysis:
a) Electrolytes and Non-Electrolytes: Distinguishing between electrolytes and non-electrolytes forms the foundation for understanding electrolysis. Faraday’s laws of electrolysis govern the quantitative aspects of the process.

b) Electrolysis of Various Solutions: Examining the electrolysis of dilute H2SO4, aqueous CuSO4, CuCl2 solution, dilute and concentrated NaCl solutions, and fused NaCl involves understanding factors affecting ion discharge at the electrodes.

c) Uses of Electrolysis: Electrolysis finds applications in the purification of metals like copper and the production of elements and compounds such as Al, Na, O2, Cl2, and NaOH.

d) Electrochemical Cells: Exploring redox series, half-cell reactions, and electrode potentials, this section involves simple calculations. Electrochemical cells play a critical role in understanding the conversion of chemical energy to electrical energy.

e) Corrosion and Prevention Methods: Considering corrosion as an electrolytic process, cathodic protection, painting, electroplating, and coating with grease or oil are explored as preventive measures against iron corrosion.

 JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry

12. Energy Changes:
a) Energy Changes (∆H) in Physical and Chemical Changes: Examining energy changes accompanying physical and chemical changes, endothermic and exothermic reactions, involving substances like Na, NaOH, K, NH4, and Cl, provides insight into the thermodynamics of reactions.

b) Entropy as an Order-Disorder Phenomenon: Entropy, as an illustration of order-disorder phenomena, is explored through examples like the mixing of gases and the dissolution of salts.

c) Spontaneity of Reactions: Determining the spontaneity of reactions involves considering ∆G0 = 0 as a criterion for equilibrium and ∆G greater or less than zero as criteria for non-spontaneity or spontaneity. Understanding these principles contributes to a deeper comprehension of reaction thermodynamics.

13. Rates of Chemical Reaction:
a) Factors Affecting Reaction Rate:
(i) Temperature: An elementary treatment of temperature’s impact on the reaction rate is explored using examples such as the reaction between HCl and Na2S2O3 or Mg and HCl. Higher temperatures generally lead to increased reaction rates due to enhanced molecular motion and collision frequency.

(ii) Concentration: Examining concentration, the reaction between HCl and Na2S2O3, HCl and marble, and the iodine clock reaction provide insights. For gaseous systems, pressure may be used as a concentration term. Higher concentrations often result in faster reaction rates.

(iii) Surface Area: The impact of surface area on the reaction rate is illustrated through the reaction between marble and HCl, comparing marble in powdered form and lumps of the same mass. Increased surface area facilitates more frequent collisions, accelerating the reaction.

(iv) Catalyst: The influence of catalysts is explored through examples like the decomposition of H2O2 or KClO3 in the presence or absence of MnO2. Catalysts speed up reactions by providing an alternative reaction pathway with lower activation energy.

b) Concentration/Time Curves: Analyzing concentration/time curves helps visualize the changing concentrations of reactants and products over time. These curves provide valuable information about the reaction kinetics and the order of the reaction.

c) Activation Energy: Exploring Arrhenius’ law and the collision theory involves understanding activation energy. Arrhenius’ law links temperature and reaction speed, and the collision theory describes how the energy hurdle, known as activation energy, affects reaction rates. It also looks at how light impacts reactions, like the halogenation of alkanes.

 JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry
 JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry

14. Chemical Equilibria

Reversible Reactions and Equilibrium Position

Understanding reversible reactions and factors governing equilibrium position is essential. Dynamic equilibrium, where the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are equal, is a key concept.

Le Chatelier’s principle states that if a system at equilibrium is disturbed, it will adjust to counteract the disturbance. Simple examples, like the action of steam on iron and the equilibrium between N2O4 and 2NO2, illustrate these principles. No calculations are required for this section, but a qualitative understanding of the concepts is emphasized.

15. Non-metals and Their Compounds

a) Hydrogen

i. Commercial Production: Hydrogen is commercially produced from water gas and the cracking of petroleum fractions. These processes leverage the abundance of water and hydrocarbons as sources of hydrogen.

ii. Laboratory Preparation: Hydrogen can be prepared in the laboratory using various methods. Understanding these processes provides insights into the properties and behavior of hydrogen.

iii. Properties, Uses, and Tests: Exploring the properties and uses of hydrogen, including its test, offers a comprehensive understanding of its applications in industry and the laboratory.

b) Halogens: Chlorine

i. Laboratory and Industrial Preparation: Chlorine, a representative of halogen, is prepared in laboratories and industrially through electrolysis. Its uses range from water sterilization to the manufacture of essential products like hydrochloric acid, plastics, and insecticides.

ii. Hydrochloric Acid: The preparation and properties of hydrochloric acid, along with the testing for chlorides, provide additional insights into the role of chlorine in chemical processes.

c) Oxygen and Sulphur

i. Oxygen: Laboratory preparation, properties, and uses of oxygen are explored. Additionally, commercial production from liquid air is discussed, and various oxides, including ozone, are examined.

ii. Sulphur: Sulphur’s uses and allotropes are considered, along with the preparation, properties, and uses of sulphur dioxide. The preparation of sulphuric acid (contact process), properties, and uses are covered, along with tests for sulphate ions. Hydrogen sulphide is discussed in terms of preparation, properties, and tests.

d) Nitrogen

i. Laboratory Preparation: Nitrogen can be prepared in the laboratory through specific methods, providing insights into its properties and behavior.

ii. Production from Liquid Air: The production of nitrogen from liquid air is explained, emphasizing its industrial significance.

iii. Ammonia: Both laboratory and industrial preparations of ammonia, particularly through the Haber Process, are discussed. Properties, uses, and reactions of ammonia are covered, including the oxidation to nitrogen oxide and the formation of nitric acid. Tests for ammonium ions are also explored.

iv. Trioxonitrate (V) Acid: Laboratory preparation from ammonia, properties, uses, and the action of heat on trioxonitrate (V) salt, along with tests for nitrate ions, are examined.

v. Oxides of Nitrogen: Properties and the nitrogen cycle are explored, providing a comprehensive understanding of the role of nitrogen in various processes.

e) Carbon

i. Allotropes: Different allotropes of carbon, including their uses and properties, are discussed to highlight the versatility of this element.

ii. Carbon (IV) Oxide: Laboratory preparation, properties, and uses of carbon dioxide are explored. The action of heat on trioxocarbonate (IV) salts and tests for carbonate ions are included.

iii. Carbon (II) Oxide: The laboratory preparation and properties of carbon monoxide, including its effects on blood, sources, and industrial significance, are discussed.

iv. Coal: Various types of coal and products obtained from the destructive distillation of wood and coal are explored, providing insights into the carbon cycle and energy production.

v. Coke: The gasification of coke and its uses, including the manufacture of synthetic gas, are covered, highlighting the importance of carbon in various industrial processes.

 JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry

16. Metals and Their Compounds

a) Alkali Metals: Sodium
(i) Sodium Hydroxide: Produced via brine electrolysis. Reacts with aluminium, zinc, and lead ions. Used for precipitating metallic hydroxides.

(ii) Sodium Trioxocarbonate (IV) and Sodium Hydrogen Trioxocarbonate (IV): Manufactured through the Solvay process. Applied in glass manufacturing.

(iii) Sodium Chloride: Found in seawater. Holds economic importance and recovery methods.

b) Alkaline-Earth Metals: Calcium
Compounds: Calcium Oxide, Calcium Hydroxide, and Calcium Trioxocarbonate (IV). Properties and uses examined. Prepared from sea shells. Role in cement and mortar discussed. Practical Ca2+ identification test.

c) Aluminium: Purification from Bauxite. Electrolytic extraction. Properties and uses studied. Practical Al3+ identification test.

d) Tin: Extracted from ores. Properties and uses are detailed.

e) Metals of the First Transition Series: Characteristic properties discussed: electron configuration, oxidation states, complex ion formation, and coloured ion creation.

f) Iron: Extracted from sulfide and oxide ores. Varieties were explored, and steel advantages were discussed. Practical tests for Fe2+ and Fe3+.

g) Copper: Extraction methods, properties, and uses of copper and its salts were explored. Preparation and uses of copper (II) tetraoxosulphate (VI) examined. Practical Cu2+ test.

h) Alloy: Types: steel, stainless steel, brass, bronze, type-metal, duralumin, and soft solder. Constituents and applications of these alloys were discussed.

 JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry
 JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry

17. Organic Compounds

Introduction: Organic chemistry centres on carbon’s tetravalency, covering general formulas, IUPAC nomenclature, and empirical formula determination. Explores various organic compound classes.

a) Aliphatic Hydrocarbons

(i) Alkanes: Homologous Series; physical properties, substitution reactions, and examples of halogenated products. Isomerism; structural isomerism within six carbon atoms. Petroleum; composition, fractional distillation, major products, cracking, reforming, and petrochemicals.

(ii) Alkenes: Isomerism of structural and geometric. Reactions; additional reactions, polymerization. Products of polythene, synthetic rubber, and their applications.

(iii) Alkynes: Ethyne of production, simple reactions, and properties.

b) Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Benzene; structure, properties, and uses.

c) Alkanols: Classification of primary, secondary, and tertiary. Production of ethanol from fermentation and petroleum by-products. Examples are gin from palm wine and glycerol as a polyhydric alkanol. Reaction oxidation distinguishing primary, secondary, and tertiary alkanols.

d) Alkanals and Alkanones: Chemical Test differentiating between alkanals and alkanones.

e) Alkanoic Acids: Reactions neutralization and esterification. Examples are ethanedioic acid and benzene carboxylic acid.

f) Alkanoates: Formation from alkanoic acids and alkanols. Saponification—production of soap and margarine.

g) Amines (Alkanamines): Classification primary, secondary, tertiary.

h) Carbohydrates: Classification of mono-, di-, and polysaccharides. Chemical Tests for simple sugars, and reactions with concentrated tetraoxosulphate (VI) acid. Hydrolysis of complex sugars like cellulose and starch, and their uses.

i) Giant Molecules: Examples of proteins, enzymes, natural rubbers, and polymers.

Understanding these compounds and their reactions forms a fundamental base for success in JAMB examinations and further studies in organic chemistry.

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How to Study the Key Topics in the JAMB Syllabus for Chemistry

Effective Study Techniques

1. Create a Study Plan: Break down the JAMB Chemistry syllabus into manageable sections and allocate specific time slots for each topic based on your strengths and weaknesses.

2. Active Learning: Engage in active reading by summarizing key points in your own words, and use flashcards to reinforce definitions, equations, and important concepts.

3. Practice with Past Questions: Access and attempt past JAMB Chemistry questions to familiarize yourself with the exam pattern, and analyze the solutions to understand the application of concepts.

4. Group Study: Form study groups with classmates to discuss and clarify doubts; teaching others can enhance your understanding of the topics.

5. Utilize Technology: Explore educational apps, online quizzes, and interactive simulations to reinforce learning; watch educational videos to grasp complex concepts visually.

6. Mind Mapping: Create visual aids such as mind maps to connect related concepts and enhance memorization, and use diagrams to illustrate chemical reactions and structures.

7. Regular Revision: Schedule regular revision sessions to reinforce previously studied material, and use the spaced repetition technique to aid in long-term retention.

Recommended Study Resources

1. JAMB Chemistry Syllabus: Get the official JAMB Chemistry syllabus and follow it for your study plan.

2. Textbooks: Use trusted Chemistry textbooks recommended by teachers. For example, New School Chemistry for Senior Secondary Schools” by O.Y. Ababio

3. Online Platforms: Check out reliable websites like Khan Academy, Coursera, and educational YouTube channels. They offer study materials and quizzes.

4. Practice Questions and Mock Exams: Practice with past JAMB questions and mock exams. They help simulate exam conditions and identify areas needing improvement.

5. Interactive Apps: Use educational apps like Quizlet and ChemCollective for interactive lessons and quizzes.

6. Tutoring Services: Consider seeking help from experienced Chemistry tutors. Online tutoring platforms can offer convenient options for personalized assistance.

By combining effective study techniques, utilizing recommended resources, and managing your time strategically, you can enhance your preparation for the JAMB Chemistry exam. Consistent effort and a focused approach will contribute to your success on exam day.

Benefits of Mastering the Key Topics in Chemistry

1. Higher Scores: Mastering key Chemistry topics boosts your chances of scoring well in JAMB exams by understanding essential concepts for accurate question responses.

2. Confidence During Exams: Thorough preparation builds confidence and reduces stress during exams. Familiarity with key topics enhances your ability to handle different question formats.

3. Efficient Time Management: Mastery of key topics enables you to navigate the exam efficiently, allowing you to allocate time wisely and address each section adequately.

1. “New School Chemistry for Senior Secondary Schools” (Third Edition)

Author: O.Y. Ababio

Publisher: Africana FIRST Publishers Limited, Onitsha

Year: 2005

2. “Senior Secondary Chemistry, Book 1 “

Authors: S.T. Bajah, B.O. Teibo, G. Onwu, A. Obikwere

Publisher: Longman, Lagos

Year: 1999

3. “Senior Secondary Chemistry, Books 2 and 3”

Authors: S.T. Bajah, B.O. Teibo, G. Onwu, A. Obikwere

Publisher: Longman, Lagos

Year: 2000

4. “Exam Focus Chemistry for WASSCE & JME”

Authors: G.N.C. Ohia, F.A. Adewoyin, B.B. Akpan

Publisher: University Press Plc, Ibadan

Year: 1997

5. “Chemistry for Senior Secondary Schools”

Author: STAN (Science Teachers Association of Nigeria)

Publisher: Heinemann, Ibadan

Year: 1987

6. “A Comprehensive Practical Chemistry for Senior Secondary Schools”

Author: O.O. Sylvester

Publisher: Evans, Ibadan

Year: 2004

7. “Countdown to WASSCE/SSCE, NECO, JME Chemistry”

Authors: I.O. Uche, I.J. Adenuga, S.L. Iwuagwu

Publisher: Evans, Ibadan

Year: 2003

These textbooks cover a wide range of topics and are authored by experienced educators. They provide comprehensive coverage of the Chemistry syllabus, making them valuable resources for JAMB exam preparation and understanding fundamental concepts in Chemistry.

It is advisable to use a combination of these texts to gain a well-rounded perspective on the subject.


Mastering the important topics in the JAMB Chemistry syllabus is like taking a smart and thorough approach. By studying well, using the right resources, and managing your time wisely, you can not only do well in your JAMB exams but also really understand Chemistry.

Knowing these key topics is not just useful for exams; it helps you think critically and analyze things better. This prepares you not only for more schooling but also for your future job.

The recommended textbooks, written by experienced teachers, are great guides in this learning journey. They cover important ideas in detail.

As you go through this academic journey, it’s important to stay motivated, change your study methods based on feedback, and see challenges as chances to grow. Understanding these Chemistry topics gives you a strong base to appreciate the subject throughout your life.

Remember, doing well in JAMB exams isn’t just about passing a test; it’s about gaining knowledge that helps you do even better in the future. I hope your hard work and dedication lead to a successful and satisfying academic journey. Good luck in your studies and the upcoming exams!

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